Africa Swine Flu discovered in Nigeria

June 10, 2009



The Federal Ministry of Health has confirmed the report that African Swine Flu has been discovered in a certain part of Delta state.

The Ministry, in a report by the special assistant on communication to the minister of health,Niyi Ojuolape, said the presence of the disease has been confirmed after consultation with the Delta State Ministries of Health and Agriculture.

The ministry, however, said that African Swine Fever (ASF) affects only pigs and that it does not affect humans in any way. It stated also that it is not in any way related to the a(h1n1) influenza, otherwise known as swine fever, which has been ravaging the health world.

Mr Ojuolape,however, assured the public that the case of Swine Flu has not been reported in Nigeria and that the government is doing a lot to monitor the events with a view to handling any eventuality effectively.

Also, the Delta State Ministry of Agriculture has quarantined the affected piggery and has started culling the affected pigs to prevent the disease from spreading to other pigs.

African Swine Fever (ASF) is however, a highly contagious, generalized disease of pigs caused by an iridovirus that exhibits varying virulence between strains, although different serotypes cannot be identified.

Experts say that the virus resists inactivation and can persist in meat up to 15 weeks, processed hams up to six months and up to one month in contaminated pens. It is endemic in most of Southern Africa, and on the Iberian peninsula of Europe. Since the 1960s, outbreaks have occurred in France, Italy, Malta, Belgium,Holland, Cuba, Domican Republic and Haiti.

Treatment and vaccine have not been discovered till date. The United States,the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibit the importation of live hogs and uncooked pork from any country where ASF exists, except if the products are commercially canned,hermetically sealed, and fully sterilized so it remains shelf stable without refrigeration; and the processes used have been proven to inactivate the virus.


US Troops Contract Swine Flu In Kuwait

May 24, 2009

Eighteen U.S. soldiers infected with swine flu have recovered after treatment on an American base in Kuwait and left the country, a Kuwaiti health official said Sunday.

“They were treated and they have fully recovered,” said Youssef Mandakar, deputy head of Kuwait’s public health department. He said the soldiers had shown “mild symptoms” of the disease upon their arrival at an Air Force base.

Kuwaiti authorities confirmed that the soldiers came from the United States, but would not say where they had gone, adding that the troops had no contact with the local population and were treated at U.S. military facilities.

“Kuwait is very comfortable with the measures taken there,” said Ibrahim Abdul-Hadi, an undersecretary at the Health Ministry. He said the U.S. military has examined and quarantined a number of soldiers who mixed with the infected ones as a precaution.

Kuwait is a major ally of Washington and a logistics base for U.S. military personnel serving in Iraq.

Raad Mahmoud, a spokesman for the Iraqi Health Ministry, said precautions are being taken at airports and border entry points, but he said Iraqi authorities have no authority over U.S. troops and the foreigners who enter with them.

He said the U.S. military has to administer medical tests to everybody when they enter the country, and the military must present the reports to the ministry.

U.S. Army Maj. Jose Lopez, a military spokesman, said there were no reported cases of swine flu among American troops in Iraq.

The World Health Organization’s global tally now stands at 12,022 cases and 86 deaths in 42 countries.

More than half of those cases have been reported in the United States, while most of the deaths occurred in Mexico, where the virus was first detected last month.

Poland’s Chief Sanitary Inspectorate on Sunday confirmed the country’s third case of swine flu in a 21-year-old who had just returned to Poland from the United States.

Jan Bondar, the spokesman for the state office, said the man returned to Poland on Friday and presented himself at a hospital for testing after getting a call from a friend in Washington whom he had spent time with and who had contracted the virus.

The Pole’s condition is not serious, Bondar said.

Cases of swine flu near 10,000

May 19, 2009
Nearly 10,000 cases of swine flu have been confirmed in 40 countries, the World Health Organization (WHO) says.

The WHO said 79 people are known to have died from the new virus.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon told the World Health Assembly that “global solidarity” was needed, particularly regarding distributing any vaccine.

Some medical charities have suggested that the large vaccine orders already placed by wealthy countries will mean there will not be enough for everyone.

The WHO says the global tally of swine flu cases stands at 9,830, after rising by 1,001 in one day.

Most of the new flu victims were in Mexico, which reported some 545 cases, and the US, where 409 new cases were confirmed. There were also 34 new cases in Japan.

Five confirmed cases were reported in Panama, three in Chile, two in El Salvador and one each in the UK, Peru and China.

Five new deaths have also been reported – four in Mexico and one in the US.



Mexico Shuts Down As Pandemic Threat Rises

April 30, 2009




Swine Flu Pandemic compel mexicans to cover-up

Swine Flu Pandemic compel mexicans to cover-up




Mexicans have been urged to stay at home during a partial shutdown of the economy after the World Health Organisation raised the pandemic threat level from swine flu to five – its second highest level.


It now believes a global outbreak of the virus is imminent – and has called on all nations to act immediately.

Ministers in Mexico, where the first swine flu cases were identified, responded by ordering the immediate suspension of non-essential work and services.

Both public and private sector workers have been told to stay at home with their families until May 5, while the country attempts to control the spread of the virus.

WHO chief Margaret Chan said “it really is all of humanity that is under threat in a pandemic”.

“All countries should immediately activate their pandemic preparedness plans,” she added.

“Countries should remain on high alert for unusual outbreaks of influenza-like illness and severe pneumonia.

“At this stage, effective and essential measures include heightened surveillance, early detection and treatment of cases, and infection control in all health facilities.”

The threat level is raised to five when there is human-to-human spread of the virus in at least two countries in one region.

Once the virus shows effective transmission in two different regions of the world a full pandemic outbreak would be declared.

The raising of the level follows intensive consultations with experts and analysis of the spreading virus within and from Mexico.

Ms Chan called for more donations to the world’s stocks of antiviral drugs and said more drugs are needed to help the world battle an imminent pandemic.

The change in threat level will put governments on alert about the need to stockpile antiviral drugs such as Roche’s Tamiflu and GlaxoSmithKline’s Relenza.

There is also a need to speed up efforts by the pharmaceutical industry to create a vaccine to fight the swine flu strain.

Drugmakers have already donated millions of doses of their drugs to the WHO.

Sky’s health correspondent Thomas Moore said: “I think it’s really important that people don’t panic.

“This really is a message to governments and to the pharmaceutical industry that a pandemic is imminent.


A Mexican toddler visiting the United States was the first death in America.


Egypt is taking drastic measures in the battle against swine flu, says foreign affairs editor Tim Marshall.

In Britain, there have been three new confirmed cases of swine flu, taking the total to five.

Spain has reported the first case in Europe of swine flu in a person who had not been to Mexico, showing the danger of person-to-person transmission.

The virus has now spread to 10 countries, after Switzerland, Germany and Austria reported cases.

The H1N1 strain may have infected more than 2,500 people in Mexico.

Almost all cases outside of Mexico have had only mild symptoms, and only a handful of people have needed hospital treatment.

But in Mexico, people are struggling with an emergency that has brought normal life virtually to a standstill


Sourced from Sky News